An insight into what a student learns in phlebotomy courses
Phlebotomy is the process of making an incision in a blood vein with a needle. A phlebotomist is simply a person who performs phlebotomy, or in simpler terms, a person who is trained to draw blood from a patient for various medical processes such as transfusion, clinical or medical testing, research, or donations. Phlebotomists work in hospitals, clinical laboratories, and doctor’s offices. To become a phlebotomist, you must undertake phlebotomy courses in order to gain the required knowledge and skills.
To become a phlebotomist, extensive training is mandatory as it helps you obtain a reputable certificate or degree. Phlebotomy training usually takes quite a whilewhich of course depends on the type of program you choose. There are many medical schools offering phlebotomy training, which provides you with easy access to these courses. Additional, technological advancements have made it possible for interested students to access these courses online. Depending on which method you choose (online or brick and mortar school), you are still able to obtain your certification, an Associate’s degree, or a Bachelor’s degree. In most cases however, many students opt for certificate courses as they take less time to complete.
Training Requirements and Recommendations
To sign-up for phlebotomy courses, students are expected to have completed a high school education, must pass a background check, and must have the latest immunizations. Students must also possess/learn good communication skills, which enables them to converse with the patients undergoing phlebotomy and effectively address their issues professionally.
Common Training Classes in Phlebotomy Courses
Opposite of what many students think, Phlebotomy does not only involve the making of vein incisions and drawing blood from patients; it provides expansive knowledge that is essential for success in the field. In addition to learning about making incisions and blood collection, you will be taught about how to prepare for emergencies and learn about the safest laboratory procedures so as to avoid contamination or infections to yourself or the people around you. Below are some of the subjects taught in phlebotomy courses.
1. Anatomy and Physiology
This module basically introduces the structure and relationship between body parts. You will learn more about the human cells, tissue, and membranes that make up the body and the functions of the major body systems. These systems include circulatory, respiratory, lymphatic, urinary, skeletal, and muscular systems.
2. Blood and Cell Composition
This part of training will help you understand blood and cell composition. This is especially important because you are able to learn about the different ways in which blood and cells are affected by diseases and infections.
3. Blood Sampling Procedures
At this point in training , you will learn about the different strategies used when drawing blood. This subject is especially important as you will spend the whole of your career doing venipuncture (making incisions in veins). Since venipuncture is done differently to different people, this class helps you understand the best ways to extract blood from adults, infants, children, and the elderly. For example, a newborn requires a different technique from an adult or an older child.
4. Laboratory Safety
The fact that human blood carries diseases, bacteria, and viruses requires a phlebotomist to be extra cautious when handling laboratory equipment. This training is offered to phlebotomy students to teach them about the importance of handling lab equipment with care and what to do in certain hazardous situations such as blood spills. In this course, you will also learn about isolation techniques that prevent spread of diseases in patients and hospital staff. These isolation techniques involve strict isolation, respiratory isolation, enteric isolation, protective isolation, and wound and skin isolation.
Plenty of courses are offered in phlebotomy field and all of them provide you with the skills and knowledge that is vital, especially when working as a phlebotomist technician. Job vacancies in this field are numerous as there is an increasing demand for phlebotomists in different medical centers. The other advantage is that no prior working experience is required for beginning phlebotomists.
To successfully complete phlebotomy courses, a student is also supposed to have acquired essential functions such as physical, cognitive, and behavioral abilities. These essential functions are vital as they provide assurance that a student can perform phlebotomy with expertise and become employed as a productive professional in the field.